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What is Mosquitoes

Mosquitoes are the most common flying insect that uses to live in every part of the world. There are more than 35,000 kinds of mosquito species. A mosquito is a member of a large group of small insects and belonging to the order Diptera i.e. flies.

The word mosquito is made up of Mosca and diminutive-ito and these are Spanish and Portuguese for ‘little fly’. The mosquitoes have a segmented body that is one pair of wings, one pair of halters, three pairs of long hair-like legs, and elongated mouthparts.

Mosquitoes are members of the family of nematocerid flies: the Culicidae (from the Latin culex, genitive culicids, meaning "midge" or "gnat"). Superficially, mosquitoes resemble crane flies (family Tipulidae) and chironomid flies (family Chironomidae).

Interestingly, mosquitoes have been classified nearly into 112 genera. Just like the other flies, mosquitoes have to go through the four stages of the life cycle that is egg, larva, pupa, and imago or adult. Well, the very first three stages are aquatic and each stage typically lasts for 5 to 14 days. Everything depends upon the type of species and the ambient temperature, but there are important exceptions.

Mosquitoes living in regions where some seasons are freezing or waterless spend part of the year in diapauses; they delay their development, typically for months. Not all mosquitoes bite people or animals. When mosquitoes bite people, the most common reactions to the bite are itching and swelling. Amazingly, some mosquitoes bite but do not spread germs. These types of mosquitoes are called nuisance mosquitoes.